Brazil Citizenship

Of the historical point of view, the citizenship concept has origin in classic Greece, being used then to assign the relative rights to the citizen, that is, the individual that lived there in the city and actively participated of the businesses and the decisions politics. Citizenship, estimated, therefore, all the decurrent implications of a life in society. Throughout history the citizenship concept was extended, starting to englobar a set of social values that determine the set of duties and rights of a citizen. In accordance with Dagnino (2004, p.103), the call ‘ ‘ new cidadania’ ‘ or ‘ ‘ citizenship ampliada’ ‘ it started to be formulated accurately in the context of the redemocratizao, the emergency of the social movements from the end of the decade of 70. In accordance with Aline Nri, this new conception of citizenship searchs to implement a project of democratic construction, of social transformation, incorporating the paper of the subjetividades, the different social citizens, new rights, as well as the magnifying of the space of the politics, imposing, therefore, one ‘ ‘ constituent bow between culture and poltica’ ‘ … And more, the new citizenship revaloriza the principles of the community, equality, solidarity and autonomy. (NOBLE, 209-226, 2007) As we saw previously, for a long period population if kept distant of the important decisions in the field politician in Brazil. Many had been the factors that justify such affirmation, amongst them the colonialista system, regimes fascists, and the authoritarianism of the military governments during the dictatorship.

However, with process of redemocratizao of country, magnifying of concept of democracy and citizenship, that answers the requirements of this new society that appears from years 80, intensifies it social participation of diverse human and social groups in the fight for the valuation of the difference and the right the participation in the scene politician, not only as voter, but as citizen who thinks. Although currently, let us not have a democratic society in the real direction of the word as they affirm many unsatisfied Brazilians with the government, we can perceive that a great advance exists in what it says respect to the participation of the civil society in the decisions politics in our country. Test of this was the creation of city councils, state (in some social sectors), ONGs, movements, unions, assemblies and the proper medias of mass, beyond other activities that guarantee the direct or indirect participation of the population. In synthesis, it is important to stand out, that all theory and/or concept suffer to modifications or magnifying from sensible throughout the time, therefore needs to answer to the new questionings that appear in the seio of the new society that if form. Thus to understand the concepts cited here, and the organization politics, social and culture of our society contemporary, becomes necessary one analyzes inside of a historical conception. Refncias: ‘ ‘ Mandonismo, Coronelismo, Clientelismo: a Conceptual Quarrel – Jose Murilo de Carvalho. Available in: Access in 24 of October of 2009.

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