General Direction

Rio De Janeiro, as capital of Brazil since Century XVIII, possua the prerogative of being exemplary in the practical ones that the Republic if adjusted, having as austere executor Rodrigues Alves, then president (1902-1906), counting on the support of mayor Pereira Steps, nominating as authority that the power of the knowledge withholds technician, the Oswaldo doctor Cross, that would come to assume the General Direction of Public Health. The intention of &#039 must be pointed out; ' modernizar' ' the republican capital, being this the Real implanted politics, creating forms to transform the reality Brazilian, adjusting to a European standard of ' ' civilizao' ' , having as focus the increase of the social exclusion and the partner-economic disparidades. In 1904, added to the governmental projections, an epidemic of smallpox that devastated the city of Rio De Janeiro, being implanted the obligatoriness of the vaccination occurred, as effective law since 1837. Cliente of the popular resistance, the vaccination was applied in the military molds, with the territorial division of city in districts, as well as a public health police that would go to impose the measures. The vaccination badly was received, to start for the form as it was applied, where living had its invaded houses, vacinados to the force, being injected liquid strangers without the which had clarification, causing panic in the population that if felt coagiada ahead of such arbitrariedade. The opposition placed contrary practical the governmental ones public, divulging its insatisfao, the press also located contrary practical of Oswaldo the Cross, feeding in such a way a movement of resistance to the measures that were being executed, what it inflamed the popular layers. In 11 of November of 1911 the riot came out that was known in History as ' ' Revolt of the Vacina' ' , having Rio De Janeiro as scene, a true civil war, the population in revolt climate provoked vandalism, had occurred fallings of vehicles, fires, booties, stonings, violent shock against police troops, with police statisticians of 23 deceased, 67 wounded and 945 prisoners. . .

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