XIV Production

The Mongol-Tatar invasion caused the decline craft activities in Russia. Only in the second half of XIV century. was his restoration on a fresh technical basis. Widespread use of Water engine has resulted in improved metallurgical enterprise – Ore. At the new stage came out and forge-welding business. Welding and cutting-edge technologies used to make Firearms: guns, mattresses and arquebuses. In the XV-XVI centuries.

blacksmith rose to new heights. Battle axes with steel blades and a bronze ax, bracelets and rings with black decorations – great show skill artisan. Any technological methods forge welding changed over time. They were transformed according to the level of craft and commodity production. As an expert went on to producing more and more mass production technology of its production more and more simplified. Gradually, forge welding has reached such a development, which was used for the production of critical products (eg, railway rails). The founder of this technology is English engineer Nixon. During this period, forge welding has reached its peak.

They are craftsmen who possessed a perfect technology, developed new techniques and methods compound complex parts, manufacturing tools, tools and weapons. Masters tried to upgrade the forge welding. Hammers manual labor was replaced by the work of mechanical hammers. But even the most advanced techniques blacksmith welding no longer meet the increasing needs of production. And since the XV century. along with a blacksmith welding, welding processes were developed. Since the beginning of the XVIII century. Ural metallurgy and Ural blacksmith welding received worldwide recognition. Triumph has begun and the city of Yekaterinburg. For centuries, the word welding ekaterinburg not separated. At that time, forge, foundry, welding and soldering have been the main process and metal compounds produced by blacksmiths. Only in the late XIX-early XX centuries. welding has become an independent process. In the XIX century. forge welding was mechanized industry. Forge welding was used for the manufacture of bimetal (steel + brass), tubes with a diameter of 600 mm with a straight seam and spiral. At the end of the XIX century. based on advances in physics, chemistry, mechanics and electrical engineering in welding there was a kind of explosion. Were created by powerful electric heat sources and gas-oxygen flame mastered.

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