Jose Maria Arguedas

Starting with these first words, this communication will attempt to offer a standpoint sui generis on the General characteristics of the lirico-narrativo literary discourse in Latin America, back to the so-called regional or telluric literature. In the same way, will run on the need to consider the role of intellectuals in the development of the social changes that run today, as a new ghost, the confines of our America. Understood the concept – of course – with the connotation assigned in the literary and political ideology of Jose Marti. Returning to the theme, you could say that the history of Latin American literary creation has raced in couple with struggles by social changes. Thus, the creative fact in our republics, making abstraction of the conquest and the colonization, shown with the telluric literature has always had to the narrative as their best form of expression.

Faithful to this premise, the novel’s Earth, manners, regional, or telluric it is based on the historical-geographical panorama of Latin America at the time. Therefore, the issue of his opposition was the structuring axis of narrative enunciations. Clear examples are Facundo, Sarmiento, the maelstrom of Rivera and Dona Barbara, Gallegos. Here, civilization is represented by the ethnic element that up. According to the critical opinion widespread, is the cultured bourgeoisie that undertakes the civilizing via. In turn, according to that same conceptualization, barbarism is represented by the political and social stratum of the different localities. Primarily by the peasantry. In the same vein, the indigenista novel was elaborated from the perspective of the white man.

Alcides Arguedas, in Bolivia, Jose Maria Arguedas, and Ciro Joy, in Peru and Jorge Icaza, in Ecuador, a few more others less, at the same time that denounce the cruelty taken against aborigines, saving the ideal conqueror, as ideal of civilization. From another civilization. But at the same time, has had to face, in various moments and in various espacialidades, an orientation that wanted to impose linguistic expression as autonomous, independent of human struggles manifestation.

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