This question has long been concerned about the minds of many people. Why namvoobsche need it? The answer is simple – roughly the same reasons for which chelovektak tried to land on the moon. And finally achieved it. First of all, etootlichny way check the level of our technology in space. Secondly, Mars – the great testing ground for research. Tolkodobravshis to the red planet can fully explore its environment sredui, Finally, to prove or disprove the existence of bacterial life on the planet. Obstacles. The main obstacle flight to Mars is, of course, distance.
Distance from Earth to Mars is 54.6 million miles. But stoituchityvat, because of the constant motion of the planets in their orbits vokrugSolntsa, this distance increases. Ate to compare with the flight to the moon, dokotoroy approximately 384,403 km., We can conclude that fly to Mars by about v142 further. This means that, for example, the spacecraft "Apollo" (amerikanskayaprogramma flight to the moon) would reach the orbit of Mars, at best, a 426 dneyposle start. Then as he got to the moon in just 3 days. Of course, you can not neotmetit that technology is not standing still and we have advanced considerably since 1969 Soglasnoissledovaniyam conducted by nasa, modern space apparatysposobny reach the red planet for about 6 months. But we need not just to reach Mars and land a nanego researchers astronauts. The process of delivery – the second sereznayatrudnost.
After all, they require at least minimal conditions .Eda, oxygen, sleep, etc. To overcome such a distance and deliver vsegoneobhodimogo cargo spacecraft needs bolshomkolichestve enough fuel. Even if the basis for calculations to take nasa in such circumstances would be the hardest test for themselves astronavtov.Ved, they will have to live in a small closed room for six months. To date, we already have the necessary technology to puteshestviyana Mars. Some scholars even argue that today's Earth's inhabitants stanutneposredstvennymi witness it. According to various estimates, as the launch date for 2040-2050gody. But whether it is justified? Probably yes, in fact, the mission to the moon bylapriznana quite successful.