Economic Globalization

The Economic Theory prescribes that an inverse relation between inflation and unemployment exists, that is, when the government intends to reduce the inflation is enough to adopt measured economic restrictive of form to generate unemployment in the country, rank that the lost income for the unemployeds diminishes the volume of money that circulates in the market, causing the low one of prices of the goods and services, that is, it diminishes the inflation. Of inverse form, when the government intends to diminish the unemployment level, it is enough to adopt measured expansionistas or of economic growth in order to raise the job level, it has seen that the income of the news used will increase the volume of money circulating in the market, generating, therefore, general increase of prices, that is, increase of the inflation. This inverse relation between inflation unemployment was known in economic literature as the Arched call of Phillips. In this manner, the present article has for primordial objective to examine the applicability of the curve of Phillips to the Brazilian reality, being overcome as reference the corresponding period to the first mandate of the government Fernando Enrique Cardoso, when it was consolidated, effectively, the neoliberalismo in Brazil, as well as its insertion in the call globalization. What one intends with this is to demonstrate that the occurred Brazilian unemployment from this period, and that is perpetuated until today, had especially to the neoliberal economic policy, instituted in 1989 in chamadoConsenso of Washington, imposed to the Latin American countries in the direction to stop the inflationary process, exactly that this had as immediate consequence the growth of the unemployment, that is one of the forms of social exclusion. For in such a way, the present work was divided in four sections, namely: introduction; the inverse relation between inflation and unemployment (curve of Phillips); neoliberalismo, globalization, Real Plan and unemployment; conclusion.

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